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Conditioning

Fear Conditioning

Learning the associations between aversive events and the environmental stimuli that predict such events is an essential survival skill in animals. Fear conditioning paradigm is an epitome of this form of associative learning. Classical Conditioning Pavlovian conditioning, also known as classical conditioning, is learning through the association of a neutral stimulus with a biologically potent …

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Unconditioned Stimulus in Classical Conditioning – Psychology

In classical conditioning, the unconditioned stimulus (US or UCS) is any stimulus that can naturally and automatically trigger a response without prior learning or practice. It is also called the primary reinforcer. The involuntary response is a reflex triggered whenever the UCS is present. Examples of an Unconditioned Stimulus Russian physiologist, Ivan Pavlov, first discovered …

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Spontaneous Recovery in Psychology

Table of Contents What is Spontaneous Recovery Examples In Classical Conditioning Examples In Operant Conditioning How it Works What is Spontaneous Recovery When a behavior or response becomes conditioned through conditioning, it can be extinct by removing the unconditioned stimulus. Spontaneous recovery refers to the sudden reappearance of a previously extinct conditioned response. Spontaneous recovery …

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Positive Punishment in Operant Conditioning

Positive punishment is often used in life when we want to suppress unwanted behavior. Let’s examine what this operant conditioning can do. Table of Contents What is Positive Punishment Examples Does It Work Positive Punishment in Parenting Positive Punishment in the Classroom What is Positive Punishment Positive punishment is a type of operant conditioning, a …

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Operant Conditioning – How it Works & Examples

Operant conditioning, also known as instrumental conditioning, is a learning process in which behavior is modified using rewards or punishments. By repeatedly pairing the desired behavior with a consequence, an association is formed to create new learning. E.g. a dog trainer gives a dog a treat every time the dog raises its left paw. The dog …

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What is Extinction – Psychology

When it comes to extinction, most people connect it with the complete disappearance of dinosaurs or endangered species such as the wild water buffalos. In psychology, extinction carries a similar meaning to learned behavior. What is Extinction (Psychology) Extinction in psychology refers to the fading and disappearance of behavior that was previously learned by association …

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What is Negative Punishment (Examples and Effectiveness)

In this article, we will review negative punishment, its definition, examples, and drawbacks. American psychologist B.F. Skinner developed the theory of operant conditioning, which stated that a person or animal’s behavior could be increased or decreased by adding or removing appropriate stimuli after the behavior is exhibited. The difference between classical conditioning and operant conditioning …

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Classical Conditioning: How it Works & Examples

In this article, we will examine classical conditioning, the simple process of creating an association between the two different “stimuli” to create a new learning. Table of Contents What is Classical Conditioning The Basics of Classical Conditioning Properties of Classical Conditioning What is Conditioning in Psychology Conditioning is the process of pairing two stimuli together …

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